Smart Commercial Buildings:
Smart commercial buildings will be the highest user of Internet of Things (IoT) until 2017, after which smart homes will take the lead with just over 1 billion connected things in 2018. Commercial real estate benefits greatly from IoT implementation. IoT creates a unified view of facilities management as well as advanced service operations through the collection of data and insights from a multitude of sensors. Especially in large sites, such as industrial zones, office parks, shopping malls, airports or seaports, IoT can help reduce the cost of energy, spatial management and building maintenance by up to 30 percent.
The business applications that are fueling the growth of IoT in commercial buildings are handled through building information management systems that drive operations management, especially around energy efficiency and user-centric service environments. In 2016, commercial security cameras and webcams as well as indoor LEDs will drive total growth, representing 24 percent of the IoT market for smart cities.
Buildings are 40% of global energy demand and soon will be 60% – old or new, publicly or privately owned, commercial or residential, single or multiple occupants, buildings are where people live, work and play. Scotland need to make their buildings smarter: more efficient, green and liveable.
There is much discussion of the opportunities to use information and communication technologies (ICT) to both improve the efficiency and effectiveness of Scotland’s public sector estates, assets, facilities and to reduce the costs, energy consumption and carbon emissions of buildings. The realisation of these opportunities involves:
Better inter-connection and optimisation of existing building control systems, e.g. BMS with CCTV, fire, laboratory ventilation control and other systems;
Interfacing BMS and other building systems with other institutional systems, e.g. data centre management, timetabling;
Better inter-connection and optimisation of operational estates management systems, e.g. condition appraisals, financial project management, job management, and performance management;
Better recording and inter-connection of Estates strategic management information, e.g. Autocad and drawing databases, condition appraisals, historic information such as leases, legislative compliance and terriers.
The Scottish Government aims to ensure that by November 2016, so far as is reasonably practicable, people are not living in fuel poverty in Scotland. This target and the proposed interim milestones imply improving the energy efficiency standards of a significant number of households. In turn, this will mean a real change to these households’ living standards by reducing their fuel poverty gaps or removing them from fuel poverty altogether. Meeting the target will be a major challenge – not just for Scottish Government but for all those working to tackling this issue.
The new Scottish Rural Fuel Poverty Task Force will come up with a range of ideas specifically tailored to help people in more remote parts of Scotland reduce their fuel costs and keep their homes warm. Affordable warmth is still presenting a major problem for far too many rural and island households, especially those living in doubly disadvantaged off-gas areas.
People in rural areas can often struggle to heat their homes because their properties tend to be more exposed to wind and weather and are more expensive to heat as the majority are not connected to mains gas supplies. It is unacceptable for people to face these fuel poverty challenges just because of where they live. The job of the Task Force is to come up with practicable and deliverable solutions to all aspects of the problem.
Warmer Homes Scotland:
A new fuel poverty scheme, backed by up to £224 million from the Scottish Government, will help as many as 28,000 Scots heat their homes. Over the next seven years, Warmer Homes Scotland will install measures such as insulation, heating and domestic renewables in households identified as fuel poor. Through this scheme, the Scottish Government will deliver the best possible help to thousands of people who are blighted by fuel poverty, struggling to keep their homes warm and pay their energy bills. People living in island and rural mainland communities will have the same chances to make their homes easier to heat as people living in urban areas
Energy Company Obligation
UK Government scheme which delivers energy efficiency measures across households in Great Britain. From 2017 the scheme will be worth £640 million per annum across Great Britain and is committed out to March 2022. Limited powers over the design and delivery of ECO have been devolved to Scottish Ministers under the Scotland Act 2016 with consideration of how best to use these new powers to be taken forward as part of SEEP.
Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP):
Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme will provide an offer of support to all buildings in Scotland – domestic and non-domestic – to help them achieve a good energy efficiency rating over the next 15-20 years. Heating and cooling homes and businesses costs £2.6 billion a year and accounts for approximately half of Scotland’s greenhouse gas emissions. The Scottish Government has already increased investment in domestic energy efficiency – from £99 million last year to £119m this year. And since 2009 have allocated over half a billion pounds on Fuel Poverty and Energy Efficiency programmes. But more must be done to meet Scotland’s world-leading and ambitious climate change targets. Improving the energy efficiency of Scotland’s buildings will be designated a National Infrastructure priority. By 2032, through SEEP, Scotland’s housing stock will be significantly transformed so that, where technically feasible, all homes will have lofts and walls insulated to the maximum recommended level, and the heating systems will be highly efficient, making our homes warmer and easier to heat. From the mid-2020’s we will have stepped up the deployment of low carbon and renewable heating systems, meaning by 2032 the majority of homes will be connected to low carbon heating systems. This means that in the future an increasing proportion of homes will be connected to renewable and low carbon heating, including district heating and heat pumps, rather than using natural gas.
Home Energy Efficiency Programme for Scotland (HEEPS)
Scottish Government has allocated £114 million in the draft budget for 2017/18 to support delivery of over 14,000 energy efficiency measures by March 2018. Our funding will continue to help bring together a range of funding streams (including our area-based schemes, Warm Homes Scotland and HEEPs loans) and help to lever maximum investment under the Energy Company Obligation in Scotland.
Scotland’s Energy Efficiency Programme Pilots
Scottish Government awarded £9 million funding in 2016/17 and will make available further funding to support pilots in 2017/18 to test innovative delivery mechanisms for energy efficiency and low carbon heat. Social landlords will meet the Energy Efficiency Standard for Social Housing in 2020.
Smart Meter roll out
The UK Government is committed to ensuring that every home and business in the country is offered a smart meter by 2020, providing the opportunity for a greater understanding of final energy consumption we are keen to ensure an effective rollout of smart meters and that it occurs in such a way as to maximise benefits to consumers – particularly those who are vulnerable or in fuel poverty.