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INTERNET OF THINGS

The Scottish Government has committed to developing and delivering world-class digital infrastructure across all of Scotland by 2020. They have begun to implement the process with the 2015 Step Change Programme. This study examines what World Class 2020 infrastructure and services might look. We also examine demand stimulation and take up actions, funding options and regulation/legislation as enablers to achieve the vision.

A vision of Digital Scotland in 2020:

People living, working and visiting Scotland in 2020 can communicate anywhere, anytime, using any device, instantly. Businesses utilise rapidly evolving systems taking advantage of instant data to deliver innovation, greater efficiency and better support across all sectors of society. Healthcare, education, energy supply and provision and transport have been transformed through the adoption of new technologies, information and ubiquitous access.

Citizens no longer worry about access to the Internet, caps on usage or slow upload/download speeds, these are issues of the past. In 2020, instant access is provided across all of Scotland. For example, connectivity is present whether a person is fishing on a remote loch or walking down a crowded Edinburgh street during a weekday.

Devices contain adequate computing power, the ability to interact with their surroundings, to display information and are ubiquitous. People wear devices, the flying helmet worn by Apache helicopter pilots is a perfect example, it is still evolving but is a multi-sensor, computer generated, augmented reality devicethat gives a view of what is more widely available in 2020; devices are present in a great range of structures from washing machines to the sun visor in your intelligent car, and they form part of transport systems such as sensors connecting to the Internet of Things.There are a kaleidoscope of new applications and services available.

People, systems and businesses draw on information and interact utilising a cloud service, big data or the Internet of Things.

The availability of anything, anywhere, anytime has supported economic growth. Public service procurement is digital, efficient and timely. Public sector agencies have supported small and medium sized businessesto transform their market model of engagement and developed innovative, new business models to reach anitinerant, global customer base.

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. The Internet of Things (IoT) is increasing the connectedness of people and things on a scale that once was unimaginable. Connected devices outnumber the world’s population by 1.5 to 1.

The technology research firm Gartner predicts we will use 1.6 billion connected objects in 2016, a 39 per cent rise from 2015, with more than one billion connected things in our increasingly smart homes alone by 2018, as internet-enabled devices become cheaper and more technologically advanced. By connecting our everyday electrical appliances and objects, from our kettles and thermostats to our lightbulbs and security cameras, and collating the information they gather in an attempt to make our lives easier, more secure and more energy efficient.
In the future, it will be commonplace to tell your central heating to turn itself on for an hour or your coffee machine to start grinding beans from the comfort of your bed, all via your smartphone. Your fridge will be able to send you a text when you’re running low on milk, and your washing machine will be able to detect what kind of material your clothing is made from and select the appropriate washing and drying cycles, all by itself.

Transforming Big Data to Smart Data:

Big data is a broad term for data sets so large or complex that traditional data processing applications are inadequate. Challenges include analysis, capture, data curation, search, sharing, storage, transfer, visualization, and information privacy.